AEEBook0611

Préparation du document



Neat Net Tricks ArchivesExpress
Including Material From Standard Issues 1 – 266
And
Premium Issues 1-241
July 1996 – June 2011
The Neat Net Tricks ArchivesExpress is a compilation of every tip published in Neat Net Tricks. These CDs
are revised monthly and are available through the Web site at http://www.NeatNetTricks.com/store .
Any effort such as this, spanning overe 14 years of the Internet, is likely to include many links that are no
longer workable. Link rot is an inevitable occurrence. To keep this publication current, I check links as
time permits and remove those that no longer function. If you find any such link or other error, please help
by reporting it by email to Jack Teems at mailto:jteems@NeatNetTricks.com and I’ll check and remove
them in future editions.
Reference to any product or service within the ArchivesExpress does not constitute an endorsement of such
product or service. The user of information contained in this publication does so at his or her own risk.
Because of widely varying computer operating systems, software, browsers, Internet service providers, and
a number of factors beyond our control, Neat Net Tricks cannot assume responsibility or warrant results.
The Neat Net Tricks ArchivesExpress is copyrighted 2011 by Neat Net Tricks and may not be reproduced
in any form without written consent.
�
A note regarding punctuation, particularly in earlier portions of this Archives Express:
With many copies, differing formats, formatting bugs in MS Word and other wordprocessing
forms used in the compilation, there are a number of errors that really should be
corrected. These do not significantly detract from the content of the item and I hope you’ll
forgive the “sloppiness”. Someday I may begin the process of cleaning all this up, verifying
links, etc. As you can readily recognize, it would be a monumental task.
[01] Autopilot. Here’s a neat site to add if you’re looking for a lazy way to surf the net:
http://www.mit.edu:8001/people/mkgray/moved.html/autopilot.html This autopilot selects from its library
of 8001 random Web page every 12 seconds, or you can adjust the refresh time slower or faster. Then, just
sit back and enjoy the show automatically. If you see a site that you think you’d like to explore later, just
add it to your bookmarks before Autopilot takes you to the next site.
[02] Item cancelled, link no longer operable.
[03] MetalCrawler Search Engine. Looking for a search engine that is the granddaddy of ALL search
engines? You can find MetaCrawler on the Web at http://www.go2net.com/search.html Because
MetaCrawler is forms-based, you’ll need a forms-capable Web browser like Netscape, Mosaic, or Internet
Explorer to use MetaCrawler. However, once you get to the MetaCrawler Web page, you’ll discover that
MetaCrawler works like any other search engine on the Web. You type one or more keywords in a box on
your screen, and then click on the search button. The search engine finds all of the Web pages around the
world that have your keyword(s) in them (the ?hits?), and then displays the hits on your screen. You then
access the hits that interest you by clicking on their hyperlinks. While MetaCrawler may look like other
search engines, it is actually quite different. For example, MetaCrawler searches take a little longer than
searches through other search engine, but that is because MetaCrawler sends your query to eight different
search engines! My personal experience with MetaCrawler is that a basic (?all these words?) search takes
about a minute. But, MetaCrawler?s results are well worth the extra time! When you do a search,
MetaCrawler will display a screen showing you which search engines it has queried and how many ?hits? it
found on that search engine. Be patient. This process takes some time. After all of the hits have been
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collected (which usually takes a minute), MetaCrawler collates the results. Met Crawler looks for duplicate
links, throws them out, and then displays the results on your screen. MetaCrawler also has an option that
will check all of the links that it finds to make sure that the links are both accessible and contain valid data.
Just do your search ?as a phrase? instead of looking for ?all of these words.? These ?as a phrase? searches
will take a little longer, but you’ll find that this expanded search option will significantly increase the
number of ?valuable? hits that you can find.
[04] Update Bookmarks. You can have Netscape automatically search your bookmark to find whether
sites are still active. The search takes a few minutes and the actual search time depends on how busy sites
are and, of course, how many you have bookmarked. Click on BOOKMARK, click on GO TO
BOOKMARK, click on FILE, click on WHAT=S NEW, click on START CHECKING, click on FILE,
click on CLOSE, then sit back. A box will open indicating ?Checking for Changed Bookmarks.?
[05] Mind-It (formerly known as URL-minder) is your own personal Web robot at
http://www.netmind.com/URL-minder/URL-minder.html All you have to do is enter the exact URL of a site
you want monitored, and if it ever changes, you will get an Email message telling you of the change.
[06] View saved pages with browser. Your Netscape browser can be used to view pages or graphics you
saved previously. When you come across a page you’d like to save to examine later, do this: With the page
displayed, click FILE at top of screen and click SAVE AS. A window opens with a default title and default
directory to which the image can be saved. Make a note of the file and directory and click OK. Later, when
you want to view that page, with Netscape running, click FILE and click OPEN FILE. Find the file title you
saved earlier (make sure you are looking in the same directory to which you saved it.) You may have to
scroll down in the bottom window ?list files of type? because the image may have been saved in .htm or
other format. If not readily seen in the list, click ?ALL FILES (*). Highlight the file and click OK. The
previously saved screen should display. If you want to print it, click FILE and PRINT. If you just want to
save a .gif or .jpg image, you can do so in a similar manner. Place the cursor over the image and click the
right mouse button (MAC users click and hold their one button.) Select from the displayed image ?Save
this image as? and let up on button. ?Save As? window will display, accept the default name and directory
and make note of it for later retrieval. When you wish to view it, with Netscape running, click OPEN as you
would to go to any Web site, but instead of entering a URL (beginning http etc.) enter the directory and file
in that box, e.g., C:\TEMP\SOMEPIC.GIF and the image will display. You can print if you wish in the
usual manner. You can also retrieve these saved files with a word processor(text files) or image viewer (for
graphics.)
[07] Reason for chattering hard drive. Why the hard drive continues to hammer away when surfing the
Net: When your computer’s operating system has given your browser all the physical (real) memory
available, it begins to allocate virtual memory (on disk). This swapping of memory pages to and from disk
causes the disk hammering. Another cause may be if you access sites where there are certain animated gif
that run in a loop, thus causing your hard drive to be accessed each time the gif loops its animation
[08] Purpose of WSACleanup. The message ?Task Netscape (3507) did not call WSACleanup.? I
wondered about that too, until some guru advised me that the message only occurs when Netscape crashes
and it seems to mean that some of the memory Netscape was using before it crashed could not be freed up.
WSACleanup is a Winsock routine that Netscape calls to free up its system resources when it terminates
normally. When Netscape closes abnormally it can’t call WSACleanup? and thus, the error message..
[09] Management of resources in Windows 3.x. Wouldn’t it be great if we could have some alarm that
would forewarn us of an imminent crash into cyberspace? Well, there seems to be few such good ?alarms?
although I’m told there is a Windows 3.x utility called Plug-in that displays Windows? system resources
(the amount of memory left in the six 64K resource stacks that Windows allocates for storing critical system
information.) If you don’t have this utility (and neither do I) here’s a simple way you can tell how ?healthy?
your system is at any one time: Click on the HELP item in the toolbar (top) of the Windows Program
Manager. Then click on ABOUT PROGRAM MANAGER. At the bottom of the next screen you will see
?Systems Resources? followed by a percentage figure. That shows how much of your resources is currently
not in use; the higher the number, the better protection against a dump into cyberspace. How to get a larger
figure? Close some of the applications you are using that are minimized and not currently needed.
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[10] Locating downloaded files. If, after attempting a download of some file from the Internet, you seem
to have ?lost? the file and can’t locate it, next time you’re about to download something from the Net, hold
your SHIFT key down. A window will pop up asking you where to save the file. Indicate the directory you
want to place it in and then you’ll know where to look for it.
[11] Keyboard convention for opening another site. To open another site, instead of clicking on OPEN,
typing in the URL, then clicking, etc., try CTRL+L to open the box to go to another site. In Microsoft
Explorer, use CTRL+ O.
[12] Accessing Address Book. You don’t have to leave your current Net application to send Email, nor do
you have to look up someone’s Email address, if you’ve built an address book. To do this, click on
WINDOWS near the top of your Netscape page, click ADDRESS BOOK, click ITEM, click ADD USER
and fill in the boxes for the info pertaining to those with whom you’re most likely to correspond. Click OK
to save. Then, whenever you’re somewhere, such as in a chat room, and want to send Email, simply click
WINDOW, click ADDRESS BOOK, double click on the highlighted addressee to whom you wish to Email,
and you’re in the Email reader screen, with the TO: Email address already entered for you. Send the
message in the usual way, then click FILE and CLOSE to go back to where you were. Now, if all this is too
much trouble, then build your address book automatically while reading your Email. If you would like to
retain your correspondent’s Email address, simply click on Message and Add to Address Book. These
Email addresses are alphabetized for you too, as you add them.
[13] Shortened URL. Forget the http when entering the URL to open a Web site; in fact, most later
versions of browsers allow entering just the key word, e.g., just ?neatnettricks? (without the quotes) will
likely substitute adequately for http://www.neatnettricks.com .
[14] Listing Web site. You can list your Web site with seven search engines at http://www.submitit.com
and get broader coverage for a fee.
[15] Defining home site. If you want to select a different home site to go to when you first log on click on
OPTIONS=>GENERAL PREFERENCES=>APPEARANCE and in the Start Up section, make sure ?home
page locator? is clicked and in the box enter the URL to where you want to be transported when you first
log on. For faster loading, you can even select a blank page.
[16] Saving Web site. While viewing a document in Netscape, click on FILE, click on SAVE AS, and set
the ?save file? as text (.txt), Then save it, go back to it later with your favorite word processor and print it.
All you will get will be the bare-bones text, no fancy graphics and no html tags, but all the substance will be
there.
[17] Telephone directories. If you haven’t bought one of those CDs that claim to list everyone’s telephone
number you can get about the same thing on the Internet for free. For the White Pages directory for the
U.S., try http://www.switchboard.com where there are 90 million names, addresses, and telephone
companies along with a Find People and Find Business link. If it’s Yellow Pages you want, try
http://www.bigbook.com where not only can you find virtually any business? name, address and phone
number; you can even get a detailed street map to help you get to them.
[18] Search for Email addresses. One of the great deficiencies of the Internet is that there is no
centralized listing of Email addresses. As the old question goes ?How do I find out my friend’s Email
address?? Answer: ?Ask him.? While that’s the best way, you might also try the Four11 directory at
http://www.four11.com , search on Alta Vista at http://altavista.digital.com or Deja News at
http://www.dejanews.com .
[19] Search for ZIP codes. For ZIP codes, the post office has an easy lookup at
http://www.usps.gov/ncsc/
[20] Consumer World. Before buying, read about the product in Consumer World, a searchable index of
many items at http://www.consumerworld.org/edgar/pages/htmsrch.htm ?
[21] Searching for Web sites., As previously noted, Metacrawler at http://www.go2net.com/search.html
searches out nine different search engines, retrieves, and prioritizes the responses. Other good ones are Alta
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Vista at http://www.altavista.digital.com/ , Deja News at http://www.dejanews.com/ , Excite at
http://www.excite.com/ Infoseek at http://www2.infoseek.com/ , and Lycos, which is the only one to search
gopher, ftp, and the like at http://www.lycos.com ;but, you still have to tell these engines what you’re
looking for and that takes a little technique: You must learn what’s called Boolean commands, something
like the Dewey Decimal System in libraries (remember, before the days your corner library got computers?)
If you want to search for something ?AND? means that any item you want must include each of the words
you specify like ?government AND intelligence? (how’s that for an oxymoron?) The more times you use
AND the narrower your search will be, e.g., ?government AND intelligence AND computers.? You don’t
have to use OR because that’s the default (assumed) so ?masked man? would be the same as ?masked? OR
?man? and will probably return hundreds or thousands of hits, much more than you care to peruse unless
this Internet thing is your whole life! Use NOT to exclude items from your search, such as ?masked man
NOT burglar? will probably produce The Lone Ranger among many others. Well, you get the idea, just
keep your search as narrow as possible for best results, and most search engines will prioritize these, so if
you can’t find what you’re looking for in the first 20 or so hits, perhaps you need to rethink your search
definition. And, by the way, don’t use those quotes I used, that’s just for illustration.
[22] Internet Relay Chat (IRC.) IRC has been around since 1988, used by 60 countries around the world,
and generally connects about 20,000 users at any one moment in time. The largest IRC network is EFnet,
carrying three times as many users as its smaller sisters, Undernet and Dalnet; however, smaller is often
better because Undernet and Dalnet provides more stability and convenience. Now, that doesn’t mean they
are free from problems, so don’t expect utopia when you go there. The ?net split? is a common IRC ailment
in which you find yourself all alone for a short time. But, if you’re looking for generally faster chat, the
ability to choose your favorite topic, even control who comes into and stays in your room (under some
circumstances,) send and receive several files rapidly and at the same time, identify who is on channel and
speak privately with any one of them, and gosh knows what else, then give up the animated graphics of the
chat rooms you’re accustomed to and come along to the IRC! You can’t just click on an address and go to
IRC. In fact, you don’t need nor do you use a graphic browser like Netscape to get to the IRC. Just as
powwow, freetel, and other parts of the Net require special software, the IRC is no different. First off,
you’ll need a ?client? program to connect you with IRC servers. If you’re running a PC Windows platform,
I suggest mIRC (there’s also Global Chat, but mIRC seems to offer a bit more.) If you’re a MAC user,
you’ll need Homer or Ircle. And, yes, MAC and PC can talk to each other on the IRC but MAC, alas, has
severe limitations with its ability to handle .wav (sound) files. Download mIRC from
http://www.geocities.com/Colosseum/1822/get.html or Global Chat from
ftp:ftp.misha.net/ftp/pub/irc/DeadelviS/client/macintosh/globalchat/GlobalChat-1.1.3.sit or, get ircle at
http://www.xs4all.nl/~ircle/ or get Homer at http://wwwhost.ots.utexas.edu/mac/Internet-misc.html#homer-
0934. You’ll delight in how easy it is to install mIRC. Just follow the on-screen prompts and you don’t
even have to unzip the file. Before running this client program, you must sign on to the Internet as usual; in
other words, establish a winsock connection. OK, assuming you have now set up mIRC through your
Windows Program Manager, click on the mIRC icon and let’s head out to the IRC. The first screen will
shown the author’s photo, click just under that where it says mIRC. click on File and Setup. On the screen
mIRC Setup, click on IRC Servers. First, drop down to the bottom of that screen and enter your Real
Name (ok, you can cheat if you want to hide your identity), your Email address, and make up a nick name (it
doesn’t have to be one you’ve used before, just what you want for IRC use. Keep it simple, (which is what
I’m trying to do with these instructions.) Enter an alternate nickname in the event your preferred nickname
is taken when you sign on (you can ?register? your nick name in some instances to keep others from using
it, but we’ll defer that for a later ?lesson.?) Now, start to add IRC addresses by clicking on Add IRC
Address. For each address, enter a short description (I just use something like Dalnet1, Dalnet2, Undernet1,
Undernet2, etc., but you might want to be more creative.) As IRC Server, enter the following (as separate
addresses):
US.undernet.org, Washington.DC.
US.undernet.org, Albany.NY.
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US.undernet.org, Milwaukee.WI.
US.undernet.org,StGeorge.UT.
US.undernet.org,Tampa.FL.
US.undernet.org,Davis.CA.
US.undernet.org,Austin.TX.
With each US.undernet.org. for Port, enter 6667. Next enter Dalnet addresses (Port 7000 for these):
xanth.dal.net
usd.dal.net
uncc.dal.net
megasoft.dal.net.
Why so many addresses? Well, actually, there are many others but these will get you started. And, you
want several to choose from because many will be busy. As you try to log on the IRC, remember to be
patient and try alternate addresses if necessary after waiting perhaps as along as a minute to connect with
each chosen one. Now, still in the mIRC setup, click on Local Info, make sure the two boxes, local host, and
IP address are clicked as well as the IP method Normal. Leave other options blank for now. You’re ready
for your first flight. Click on file, setup, and IRC servers, and highlight the address you want. Click
connect. Be patient. If you’re successful, a status box opens with your name at the top, and a bunch of text
will rapidly zip by. Don’t even try to read it unless you’re the curious sort. It is a welcoming message,
cautions, information regarding open connections, etc. and not really essential to you at this point. Since
you have no channels (rooms) selected for your first visit, click on the 5 th icon from the left in the toolbar
near the top of your screen. Since you may have hundreds of channels waiting for your first visit, you must
be selective. What interests you? Type in a word or two for your search, and filter your search by entering
a minimum number of users in the box provided, to limit the search by only those channels that are more
active (I usually look for at least 5 in a channel.) Click OK. Be patient. Channels meeting your search
request will be displayed. Highlight one that looks interesting and click GO. Don’t forget to add this
channel to your channels list for future visits (if you like it.) At this point, you’re on your own. As with
other chat mediums, observe for a bit. You ?chat? by simply entering a short message in the text box and
touching your ENTER key. You can scroll backward and forward in the usual way if things are moving too
fast for you (and generally, at first, they will.) You can even create your own room and be the ?boss?
(channel operator) and, as the boss, do all sorts of grandiose things. You can trade files back and forth, chat
privately, send and get pictures, send, get, and hear sound (.wav) files, and so on. You can find a lot of
information about the IRC by doing a net search and printing out the better reference material. Use a search
engine such as Metacrawler to do this.
[24] Zipped (compressed) files. To conserve space and download time, many files on the Internet is in a
?zipped? or compressed format. A zipped file of, say, half a megabyte may unzip to a much larger file, say,
two megabytes. You can transport a zipped file on a floppy from one computer to another, but it wouldn’t
fit on a single disk in its full glory. To use any zipped file, you must first unzip it. There are a lot of
compression (and decompression) utilities out there but I believe the most widely acceptable is WinZip. In
its old DOS version it was PK Unzip but has had a face lift with Windows..
[25] Email lists. you can search for Email discussion groups by going to http://www.liszt.com and that
search engine will hunt through over 90,000 lists for the topic you’re interested in.
[26.] Item cancelled, link no longer operable.
[27] Item cancelled, link no longer operable.
[28] Customized Yahoo Services. At http://my.yahoo.com/ you can register and indicate what interests
you. Then, when you access My Yahoo customized news, weather (even a satellite image of your local
area determined by your Internet server’s address,) entertainment, stock quotes and financial data, sports,
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etc., will be displayed with links that will allow you to click and go for a closer look There’s also a search
engine,; ?My Contacts? that opens a phone book for searching; ?My Internet? for a list of links built to your
specifications; ?My Agent? for Firefly, a chat room ; ?Web Launch? for new Web sites just coming on line;
?Web Guide for Kids? for an array of sites just for the younger set; and, ?Weekly Picks? for Yahoo’s best
links of the net (which are available, if you wish, via Email. If you’d like this to be your opening (home
page), with your Netscape running, click on Options, click General Preferences, click Appearances, and, in
the box labeled ?Start With? enter the URL of the My Yahoo page that contains all your personalized links.
[29] Virus Discussion. A virus is a program within a program, designed to run when its ?host? is executed
by double-clicking on your desktop, starting a new application, or typing in a file name ending in .exe, .bat,
or.com. Without doing any of these commands, a virus cannot make changes to your system. In other
words, even though you may have downloaded a program with a virus in it, that virus will cause no damage
to your system unless you run the program. You can lessen the likelihood of introducing a virus into your
system by downloading only from commercial sites such as Microsoft, Apple, Netscape, etc., because they
are responsible for the material they distribute. Otherwise, attempt to verify that the source you’re getting
the material from is reputable, e.g., a link on a page for an update to a registered program you own, or a
software vendor who is willing to vouch for the safety of the program. You might also consider
downloading the program to a floppy instead of your hard drive. Then, run a virus scanner against that
floppy disk, so that if a virus is detected, it will not affect your hard drive (because you haven’t permitted it
to give instructions to your computer.) What virus scanner to use? I use McAfee, though there are many
other good ones. If you? d like to give McAfee a try, you can download the latest evaluation copy at
http://www.mcafee.com and, while you’re there, read all about virus.
[30] ATM Locator. At http://visa.infonow.net/usa.html you indicate where you are, right down to your
address or intersection and this handy little device tells you the three closest sites for cash machines, their
hours of operation, their address, and then it even draws you a map on how to get there from your location.
[31] Adding Bookmarks. Users of Netscape 3.0 have an added neat trick, a one-handed operation with
your right mouse button to add bookmarks. Just click on ?Add Bookmark? .
[32] CTRL Key Shortcuts. There are over a dozen shortcuts you can take with the CTRL key and one
other key rather than going to the tool bar or other menu in Netscape. These work with Netscape 2.0 and
probably other versions as well (and, perhaps, even MS Explorer in variations.) Don’t forget to hold down
the CTRL key while pressing the keys shown:
L Opens a window so you can enter the desired URL. You don’t usually have to type in the
entire address, just a key word or so.
O Opens a file so you can browse, particularly useful when you’re looking for a file to attach
to Email you’re composing.
S
W
Save the file to the directory you assign.
Close. You use this when you want to neatly shut down the browser.
A Select All. When you’re finished with Email, for example, and want to trash or delete all
messages, use this keyboard convention to highlight them all, then just a touch of the DEL key cleans them
out.
F This will help you in searching through a lengthy Web document. Just enter the word or
phrase you’re looking for and, if it’s there, it will be highlighted. I’m told the NS 3.0 version sends you off
to Yahoo search engine to continue your hunt.
C
clipboard.
Use this after highlighting a section of text. It will copy the highlighted portion to your
V Now, after copying (previous command), place your cursor where you want to paste
(dump) the copied text and use this keyboard command.
X
Use this to cut or delete highlighted text.
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Z The ?undo? key. You goofed and cut the wrong stuff? Bring it back with this one, but it
only works if you haven’t entered anything new.
R
Got garbage on your screen? This reloads (refreshes) the current Web page.
D Add a bookmark. This runs silently (no acknowledgment) and adds the bookmark of the
current site to the end of your existing bookmark list.
B
Go to bookmark.
H This calls up a history file to show you the last few sites you’ve visited in your current
session. You can bookmark them if you want to revisit and forgot to bookmark previously.
[33] Checking Mail From Remote Locations. Some readers may not know that mail can be checked,
using the computer at your current location (we’ll call that your local site,) at any other site, even a different
server (we’ll call that the remote site.) This is particularly useful if, say, you’re at home and want to check
your office site, or vice versa. Just click on OPTIONS at the top of your Netscape Email screen (V. 2.0),
then click on MAIL AND NEWS PREFERENCES and then on SERVERS. Enter in the first and second
boxes the server name where the mail is stored (the remote site,) everything AFTER but not including the @
in the Email address. Enter in the third box the user name, everything that appears in the Email address
BEFORE the @. Click OK. Click GET MAIL. You’ll be prompted for the password of the remote site.
When you’re finished checking the remote site mail, don’t forget to repeat the above procedure to
reconfigure your mail reader for your local site.
[34] FAQ Finder. A FAQ is a list of Frequently Asked Questions about, well, just about everything! If
you have the question, chances are there’s a FAQ on the subject and one FAQ finder can take you to
hundreds of these in a multitude of subjects. You’ll find it at http://ps.superb.net/FAQ/
[35] Retrieval of Web Page Off-line. To save a Web page to disk to be retrieved later (is especially
valuable for those who have metered time on the Internet,) while on line, click FILE in the Netscape tool bar
and SAVE AS. Name the file and save it to your TEMP or other desired directory on your hard drive or to
a floppy if you wish. You don’t need to assign an extension in naming the file, the .htm will be added
automatically. When off line, open your browser. At this point you may get an error message such as
?TCP.MAN NOT FOUND? since the normal procedure is to establish your WINSOCK connection before
accessing your browser. Just click the error message off and then click on FILE and OPEN FILE and open
the previously saved file. The Web site can be viewed and printed, although your printer may not be
capable of handling all the graphics.
[37] Call Task List as Alternative to Reboot. If your system freezes/hangs up, don’t immediately resort
to the CTRL+ALT+DEL to reboot. Instead, first try CTRL and ESC keys together to open a window called
TASK LIST. Highlight the task that isn’t working correctly and click END TASK. The offending
application may vanish and leave other applications still intact and working.
[38] Item cancelled, link no longer operable.
[39] Correct Time. If you want more precision in your time pieces, go to http://www.bldrdoc.gov/doctour/atomic_clock.html
where you can view Greenwich Mean Time accurate to the millisecond except for a
fraction or two due to network lag and connection speeds. Click on the reload button as you set each of
your timepieces. Another site, http://www.hilink.com.au/times allows you to select the general regions and
time zones desired.
[40] Bingo. Play BINGO on line at http://www.bingozone.com/ where you’ll be asked to provide your
name, address, and a password to register the first time you visit. Save the site to a bookmark. Thereafter,
games start every 30 minutes on the hour and half-hour (10 am to 4 am EST weekdays and 24 hours a day
on Saturday and Sunday.) It’s all free (paid for by advertising) and each game pays $5, $10, or $20,
randomly decided by their computer. If there is more than one bingo, winners divide the pot and, on the
recent winners? list I saw pots ranging from .62 to $20. If you win, they mail you a check within five days
[41] Newsgroups. From your Netscape browser screen, click WINDOW and NETSCAPE NEWS. In the
left window that appears, your server’s gateway to newsgroups should be shown so double click there (if
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you see nothing, at this point, contact your server for advice on how to access newsgroups.) Now, click on
OPTIONS and SHOW ALL NEWSGROUPS. After a lengthy time for loading, go down the list appearing
in the left window for anything you see interesting. Bear in mind that many of these are just headings and
clicking on them will reveal subgroups within that general topic. For example, “misc” had 116 subgroups
when I last looked, and “alt” has 2,324 subgroups. The number to the right of each group denotes how
many postings are currently active in that subject. Click on any interesting topic. All mail in that topic
appears, by subject, in the right window. Again, it may take a bit to load in if there are many posts in that
newsgroup. Read and reply as you would regular Email. To subscribe to any newsgroup, click on the
square to the left of the topic, or toggle the check mark off to unsubscribe. Next time you visit Newsgroups,
all your subscribed groups will be waiting there for you to view by clicking to show just the subscribed
groups, so you don’t have to go through that long list again. For some practical applications: If you’re
interested in new stuff on the Web as it occurs, subscribe to newsgroup comp.infosystems.www.announce
for new resources on the WWW. You might also consider subscribing to one another newsgroup,
comp.Internet.net-happenings for WWW announcements and other Internet-related announcements.
[42] Reminder Service. At http://www.neverforget.com/ you can download software for a free trial
(purchase $29.00) and then indicate all your important dates and how far in advance you would like to be
reminded of the date by Email.
[43] Yellow Pages. Access to about 100 million worldwide phone listings is at the worldwide yellow pages
at http://www.worldyellowpages.com/
[44] Right-Click Context Menu. When you click on a link with the right mouse button, you get a context
menu box that lists a bunch of things you can do to manipulate the link. Here’s a quick look: Open the Link
(just like clicking it with the left mouse;) Open in New Window (creates a new browser window for the
document;) Save link as... (allows you to save the HTML file to a hard drive or network drive;) Copy Link
Location (copies the link to the Windows Clipboard.;) Add Bookmark (allows you to add the link to your
Bookmarks without actually going to the link;) Internet Shortcut (allows you to create a desktop shortcut
for the link.)
[45] Alternative to Clicking ?OK?. When you see a message in a box with ?OK? or some other option
with a heavy bolded line around it, you don’t need to move the cursor and click on the ?OK? or other
default option. No matter where your cursor is, just touch ENTER.
[46] Worldwide Currency Converter. Go to
http://www.expedia.msn.com/pub/curcnvrt.dll?qscr=alcc&refc=0&svfr=JP&svto=US&disp=0&amon=&fiso=US&tiso=US&x=70&y=8
if you travel internationally. Click on the currency you have and enter the
amount. Click on the currency you want and it advises what it’s worth.
[47] View|Refresh as Alternative to Reload. About the icons at the top of your Netscape browser screen,
RELOAD gives you the latest version of the Web page you’ve just accessed, but it has its drawbacks and
sometimes can be very slow because the current page is checked to see if it has changed. If so, it reloads
from the page stored in the cache by reconnecting with the remote site. If you’re not particular about having
the absolute most current version, just a recent version, save time by choosing VIEW and REFRESH.
[48] Truncate URL to Locate Existing Page. When attempting to open a long URL file you may find
yourself with a ?file not found? message. Assuming the fault is not that you’ve mistyped the URL, delete
everything in the URL after the last slash and then try to open the site. You may find a page that actually
exists and, if not, keep working your way backward by deleting more of the URL from the last slash
forward, and so on.
[49] Space Bar as Alternative to Down Arrow for Scrolling. In scrolling through long documents, use
the space bar instead of the down arrow.
[50] Locating Address and Directions. If you have the telephone number, go to http://phone.yahoo.com
and enter it. That should return the name and address. Then, go to http://www.mapblast.com and enter that
address. A street map is displayed, with the exact location marked.
[51] Cookies. There’s been a lot of talk about how ?big brother? can access info on your computer. While
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most of these reports are greatly exaggerated, there is a way that Web servers can track your visits to their
pages, something like a department store camera following you around as you shop. This is done through a
cookies file on Netscape, or MagicCookies file on Mac. If you want to know who’s checking up on you,
use any text editor such as Windows Write or Notepad, find the .txt file (again, cookies.txt or
MagicCookies.txt) and read the file. The first string you see indicates who issued you the Cookie. There’s
no suitable way to stop this snooping, but you can delete the Cookies file, when your system boots, by
adding a line to your PC MS-DOS AUTOEXEC.BAT that says something like: ?if exist
c:\Netscape\cookies.txt erase c:\Netscape\cookies.txt?. Of course, change the directory to the directory
where you found that cookies.txt file.
[52] Cache. Netscape allows you to set your own cache limits for both memory cache and disk cache.
Memory cache holds stuff only as long as you’re running Netscape, while disk cache holds stuff on your
computer’s hard disk, so it’s there even after you exit Netscape.) Now, you might think that you should just
set these as high as possible, but that’s not exactly the case. Setting high cache values has its disadvantages
as well as advantages. For example, high memory caches are quicker than disk caches, but the extra RAM
can slow down your computer’s overall performance. Setting higher disk cache, on the other hand, can eat
up hard disk space. Experiment with the limits for both the memory and disk caches to see what works best
for your system. If you run Netscape Navigator with other applications (word processors, spreadsheets, etc.)
also running, keep the memory cache relatively low (say 600K). However, if you don’t run other memorygobbling
applications when you run Netscape, you can set the memory cache higher.
[53] Virus Scares. You CANNOT get a virus from reading Email. A virus can be spread to your system
by executing a program, e.g., some file with an extension such as .EXE, COM, and .BAT. but NOT from
reading Email. Before passing on Email about a virus, read about virus at
http://www.kumite.com/myths/myths.htm
[53] Untrashing Email. There’s no untrash in Netscape’s mail program but you might be able to retrieve
the mail anyway. Use a simple word processor such as Windows Write or Notepad and open the mail
subdirectory within the same directory where your Netscape browser resides. Examine the trash directory
first, and perhaps look at the other mail files as well. Chances are, your mail is still there if not much time
has elapsed since you trashed it.
[54] Organizing Bookmarks. Likely, half the URL in your bookmarks are no longer active, so delete
them. With what’s left, organize them in topics for easy location. Click on Window|Bookmarks or press
CTRL B. Choose Item|Insert Folder, enter a name for each folder, such as Games, Search Engines, Chat,
etc., and, if you wish, a brief description of each of the folders. Click OK. Now, going back to your
bookmark list, just click the left mouse button to highlight each bookmark, then drag it to the appropriate
folder.
[55] Navigating Newsgroups. To search newsgroups topics, try http://www.reference.com/ and type in
any word or two topic, similar to the way you search for a Web page. All the mail in various newsgroups
will be displayed where they pertain to that topic. Just click on the link and read that mail. Use CTRL F to
sift through a long list to find specifically words or topics you’re looking for. Another newsgroup
navigational aid is at http://www.liszt.com/ then click on Newsgroups and search for topics that interest you.
[57] Personalized .wav Files. You can create your own personalized .wav and choose one of 75 voice
personalities with your own message, up to 20 words, in low resolution, FREE. Higher resolution and longer
messages are provided, but the .wav maker Wally charges a bit for these. Go to http://www.wallys.com and
click on the link for Wally’s Weird Wave Maker. Choose your voice personality, type in your message,
provide your Email address, and Wally will ship your new wav to you by Email.
[58] Personalized Email Addresses. Now, you can develop a more unique Email address, choosing from
over 200 possibilities for a ?server? name. This service will register your new Email address and then
forward anything you receive addressed that way to your old (original) Email address, or where ever else
you specify. Register at http://iaf.iname.com .
[59] RAM vs. faster Modem. To help decide whether more RAM or a faster modem would be the best
investment, if only one is to be purchased: 1. The modem’s speed will control how fast material can be
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